Museo e discipline del progetto
#3 Musei per la cultura del progetto
13 dicembre 2011, dalle 14.30
Ca’ Badoer (aula Tafuri), Venezia
Programma / Program
Saluti istituzionali / Institutional Greetings
-Fabio Achilli, direttore Fondazione di Venezia
Introduzione / Introduction
- Pippo Ciorra, coordinatore Dottorato internazionale di architettura Villard d’Honnecourt
- Matteo Ballarin, Maddalena Dalla Mura, curatori del ciclo di incontri / curators of the conference series
Interventi / Speakers
Bettina Magistretti, Senior Architect, Sauerbruch Hutton, BerlinoArchitettura e relazioni: il progetto M9
“Architettura e museo” è un binomio incompleto. I musei contemporanei sono strutture e organismi complessi: oggetto di molteplici interessi e aspettative, sono nello stesso tempo interpreti e produttori di relazioni che operano a vari livelli, dal territorio all’esperienza di visita individuale.
Intervenendo all’incrocio fra possibilità e realtà, l’attività del progettista (e il progetto architettonico) è sempre più un “processo” che necessariamente si costruisce in dialogo con contesti, figure, istituzioni, persone.
Attraverso il caso di M9 – il museo e polo culturale di Mestre promosso dalla Fondazione di Venezia che aprirà nel 2015 – e mettendo in luce alcuni aspetti del percorso affrontato dallo studio Sauerbruch Hutton, dal concorso verso il progetto esecutivo, l’obiettivo è sollecitare alcune riflessioni sulle relazioni che legano oggi architettura e museo.
Mila Nikolic, PhD in Theory and history of architecture, Barcellona
City of Museums. Museum Clusters in the Contemporary City
In our culture the museum occupies a privileged place symbolically, but also physically, in the city. And not only it occupies it, but it creates it, defines it, changes it and gives it meaning. This lecutre aims at demonstrating that that place is in the museum cluster. And in the cluster, out of which it becomes almost impossible to contemplate the museum, the museum is changing; the meaning and the importance of its basic aspects are changing. The hypothesis is that in the museum project the urbanistic aspect – its place and relationship with the city – takes precedence over its museographic and architectonic aspect. The content – collection and display – and the architecture of the museum merge into the cultural density of the cluster as the place of the museum, highlighting that place and urbanism in the foreground. The place – the cluster – becomes thus the key to a new reading of the museum and the city. Supporting the idea of multi-place, with multiple functions, meanings and audiences, the cluster is dismembered. It is considered as the physical location in the city, the urban form the cluster takes, the dynamics and relationships it establishes, and the public place which it creates in this interaction with the city.
Through a historical, comparative and critical analysis of these four dimensions of the place of museums, with this talk the hypothesis will be proved, as well as the theory of the locus genii, showing the fundamental role of the museum cluster as a force that organizes, generates and transforms the museum system and the urban system. It demonstrates that the museum boom, by creating, changing, and emphasizing museum clusters, represents a revolution in the relationship and conception of the museum and of the city.
From the museum cluster is observed a whole range of radical changes and innovations in the museum, in the very museum cluster and in the city, through which is explained the primacy of the urbanistic aspect in the project of the museum, and the theory is extended to the importance of the museum aspect in the project of the city. The cluster of museums is raised in rank of the urban manifesto, showing that new models of the museum-cluster, the museum cluster and the “city of museums”, are different scales or levels of an urbanism of densities and flows that maximizes the use and impact of museums and public spaces between them in the mobilization and dissemination of culture and cultural information.
Although the study includes a wider historical and geographic space to demonstrate the extension of this still little investigated and insufficiently well-known phenomenon, the accent is on the transformations of the museums and their clusters and systems during last three decades, in the principal European cities, including also the remarkable cases from other continents that suggest the possible directions of a future development.
Àngela Cuenca, Head of Exhibition Department at DHUB, Barcellona
The Challenge of Exhibiting Contemporary Design.
Connecting Museum with University and Research
The activities programmed by the Disseny Hub Barcelona (DHUB) describe the mission of the center: safeguard the past, observe the present and stimulate the future of the design world. The DHUB exhibition program, on one hand is based on the most classic activity like the permanent and temporary exhibitions of the collections, and on the other hand our activities include new formats more open and in permanent process of construction that are developed as a work in progress by a multidisciplinary team. During the last three years we have organized and produced different typologies of activities: study galleries, permanent and temporary exhibitions, dhubsessions, workshops, conferences and Laboratory. This session will be focused on the process of creating a program from the idea to the production which includes research, innovation, University and Industry. (photo Disseny Hub Barcelona (DHUB) new building at 22@ district of Barcelona.)
Helena Barranha, Director MNAC – Museu do Chiado, Lisbona
Between the Screen and the Building: Museum Architecture in the Digital Age
Half a century after André Malraux’s influential essay “Le musée imaginaire”, the diffusion of art and architecture through images reached an unprecedented scale. The development of information and communications technologies, over the last two decades, has definitely related contemporary culture to the digital world. With the generalized use of computers and global access to Internet, virtual contact both with works of art and museum buildings tends to anticipate, or even replace, the real experience of visiting a certain museum. While on-line databases have expanded the idea of collection, the increasing possibilities of architectural representation have led to the creation of virtual museums, easily accessible on the Internet. If, in many cases, digital projects represent existing institutions, virtual museums can also assume the condition of alternative exhibition spaces, literally “museums without walls” that are not expected to have any material correspondent.
The aim of this talk is to discuss how digital technologies are reshaping museum imaginary, redefining the role of content, container and users.
Scarica la locandina / Download the poster
Come raggiungere la sede / How to reach the venue: download the map
Ciclo di incontri promosso da / The series of conferences is promoted by
Scuola di Dottorato IUAV e/and Unità di ricerca di Museologia del Design
in collaborazione con / in collaboration with Fondazione di Venezia